hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
a familial condition affecting the heart, characterized by unexplained thickening (hypertrophy) of the wall of the left ventricle. In many cases this is an incidental finding and patients have a good outcome. However, more severely affected patients may suffer chest pain, tachyarrhythmia (see arrhythmia), heart failure, and sudden death. In some cases there is focal thickening of muscle around the left ventricular outflow tract, and this can result in restriction of blood flow to the body (hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, HOCM). The diagnosis is made by electrocardiography and echocardiography. Usually drug treatment is sufficient to control symptoms, but some patients require cardiac catheterization or surgical treatment. Those deemed at highest risk of sudden death may require an implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy — Classification and external resources ICD 10 I42.1–I42.2 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy — n cardiomyopathy that is characterized by ventricular hypertrophy esp. of the left ventricle which affects the interventricular septum more than the free ventricular wall, that may cause mitral insufficiency or obstructed left ventricle outflow,… …   Medical dictionary

  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy — noun a disorder in which the heart muscle is so strong that it does not relax enough to fill with the heart with blood and so has reduced pumping ability • Hypernyms: ↑cardiomyopathy, ↑myocardiopathy …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) — A genetic disorder of the heart characterized by increased growth (hypertrophy) in thickness of the wall of the left ventricle, the largest of the four chambers of the heart. HCM can surface any time in life. It may, in a worst case scenario,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy — A genetic disorder of the heart characterized by increased growth (hypertrophy) in thickness of the wall of the left ventricle, the largest of the four chambers of the heart. Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHCM) can surface any time in… …   Medical dictionary

  • HCM (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) — A genetic disorder of the heart characterized by increased growth (hypertrophy) in thickness of the wall of the left ventricle, the largest of the four chambers of the heart. HCM can surface any time in life. It may, in a worst case scenario,… …   Medical dictionary

  • obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy — hypertrophic obstructive c …   Medical dictionary

  • cardiomyopathy — /kahr dee oh muy op euh thee/, n. Pathol. any disease of the heart muscle, leading to decreased function: usually of unknown cause. [1960 65; CARDIO + MYOPATHY] * * * ▪ pathology       any cardiac disease process that results in heart failure due …   Universalium

  • Cardiomyopathy — Disease of the heart muscle (the myocardium). The word is made up of three Greek roots: cardio , heart + mys , muscle + pathos , disease = disease (of the) heart muscle. The World Health Organization (WHO) restricts term cardiomyopathy to:… …   Medical dictionary

  • Cardiomyopathy — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = Opened left ventricle of heart shows a thickened, dilated left ventricle with subendocardial fibrosis manifested as increased whiteness of endocardium. Autopsy. DiseasesDB = 2137 ICD10 = ICD10|I|42|0|i|30 …   Wikipedia

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